Saturday, March 24, 2007


Evanescence is an alternative rock band founded in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States in 1994 by singer Amy Lee and former guitarist Ben Moody.[1] After recording two private EPs, and a demo CD named Origin with the help of Bigwig Enterprises, the band released their first full-length album, Fallen, on the Wind-up Records label in 2003, selling more than 14 million copies worldwide.[2] After abrupt changes to the band's lineup, Evanescence released their second studio album, The Open Door, in 2006.
1 History
1.1 Early history
1.2 Fallen
1.3 Lineup changes and Anywhere but Home
1.4 The Open Door
2 Christian controversy
3 Band members
3.1 Current
3.2 Former
4 Discography
5 Samples
6 References
7 External links

[edit] History

[edit] Early history
Evanescence was founded by singer, pianist and songwriter Amy Lee and former lead guitarist and songwriter Ben Moody. The two met at a youth camp in Little Rock, Arkansas, where Moody heard Lee playing "I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)" by Meat Loaf on the piano.[3] Their first songs were "Solitude" and "Give Unto Me," written by Lee, and "Understanding" and "My Immortal", written by Moody. The songs were edited by both artists, and they shared equal credit.
Two of Lee and Moody's songs found playtime on local radio stations, raising local awareness of the group and demand for a show. The band eventually appeared live, and became one of the most popular acts in the area. After experimenting with band names, such as Childish Intentions and Stricken, they decided on Evanescence, which means "disappearance" or "fading away" (from the word evanesce, which means "to disappear"). Lee has stated she loves the name because it is mysterious and dark, and places a picture in the listeners' mind.[4][5]
Their first full-length demo CD, Origin (released in 2000), is relatively unknown. The band also released two Extended plays (EPs). First, the self-titled Evanescence EP (1998) of which about 100 copies were made, and second the Sound Asleep EP, also known as the Whisper EP (1999), limited to 50 copies. Origin and the EPs contain demo versions of some of the songs on their debut album, Fallen. For example, the recording of "My Immortal" found on Fallen can also be found on Origin, minus a handful of additional string accompaniments. Only 2500 copies of this record were produced; in response, Lee and Moody encouraged fans to download the band's older songs from the Internet.[6][7]

[edit] Fallen
Main article: Fallen (album)
In early 2003, the lineup was completed by Amy Lee and Ben Moody's friends, John LeCompt, Rocky Gray and Will Boyd, all of whom worked on Evanescence's earlier songs. Meanwhile, Evanescence signed on with their first major label, Wind-up Records, and began work on their next album, Fallen. While looking to promote Fallen, the video game company Nintendo offered the band to perform on the "Nintendo Fusion Tour". Evanescence accepted the offer and became the headlining band for the 2003 Fusion Tour.[8]
Fallen spent 43 weeks on the Billboard Top 10;[2] has been certified 6x Platinum;[9] and has sold more than 14 million[2] copies worldwide, including 6.6 million in the United States.[10] The album was listed for 104 weeks on the Billboard top 200, and it was one of eight albums in the history of the chart to spend at least a year on the Billboard Top 50.[10]
Evanescence's major label debut single "Bring Me to Life", which features guest vocals from Paul McCoy of 12 Stones, was a global hit for the band and reached #5 on the American Billboard Hot 100.[11] It provided Evanescence with their first UK #1[12] listing, where it stayed for four weeks from June-July 2003. The song also became the official theme for WWE No Way Out. The equally popular "My Immortal" peaked at #7[11] in the U.S. and UK charts, and both songs were featured in the soundtrack for the action movie Daredevil. "Bring Me to Life" garnered recognition for the band at the Grammy Awards of 2004, where the band was given the Best Hard Rock Performance and Best New Artist awards.[2] The two other singles off Fallen are "Going Under" (#5 US Modern Rock Tracks,[11] #8 UK Charts) and "Everybody's Fool" (#36 US Modern Rock Tracks,[11] #23 UK Charts); both were promoted by a music video.

[edit] Lineup changes and Anywhere but Home
See also: Anywhere but Home
On October 22, 2003, Moody left the band during the European tour for Fallen, reportedly because of creative differences.[13][14] In an interview several months later, Amy Lee said: "...we'd gotten to a point that if something didn't change, we wouldn't have been able to make a second record." Many people were confused by this statement, because in their Fallen album cover they state each other as best friends.[15] Since then, Lee has said it was almost a relief that he left because of tensions created within the band.[15] Moody was replaced by Terry Balsamo from Cold.[16]
In 2004, Evanescence's new lineup released a DVD/CD compilation entitled Anywhere but Home. The DVD includes a concert in Paris, as well as behind-the-scenes features, including shots of the band backstage, signing autographs, and warming up. The CD contains a previously unreleased song entitled "Missing", which was internationally released as a single that reached #1 in Spain. Also on the CD are the live songs "Breathe No More" (the album version being from the Elektra movie soundtrack), "Farther Away", and the band's cover of Korn's "Thoughtless".
On July 14, 2006, it was confirmed by a spokesperson for the band's label that bassist Will Boyd had left the band for "not wanting to do another big tour" and wanting "to be close to his family." Amy Lee originally broke the news to the fans in a post on an unofficial Evanescence site,[17] In an interview with MTV, posted on their website on August 10, 2006, Lee announced that Tim McCord, former Revolution Smile guitarist, would switch instruments and play bass for the band.[18]

[edit] The Open Door
Main article: The Open Door
To promote the release of the band's second album, The Open Door, Amy Lee and John LeCompt visited capital cities in Europe. Previews took place in London, England on September 6, 2006; Barcelona, Spain on September 8, 2006; and Paris, France on Monday, September 11, 2006. At the previews, the new album was played to fans who were the winners of various competitions, a short Q&A took place, and Lee and LeCompt performed acoustic tracks from the album before doing a signing session. On October 2, 2006, the day before the album was released in the United States, Evanescence appeared on Late Night with Conan O'Brien and performed the song "Call Me When You're Sober". The band also spent time in New York City for press and a photo shoot for Metal Edge magazine.[19]
The 13-track album[20] was released in Canada and the United States on October 3, 2006;[2] the United Kingdom on October 2, 2006; and Australia on September 30, 2006.[21] The album sold 447,000 copies in the United States in its first week of sales and earned their first #1 ranking on the Billboard 200 album chart, becoming the 700th #1 debut in Billboard history.[10]
The album progressed slowly for several reasons, including Amy Lee's desire to maximize the creative process and not rush production, other band members' side projects, guitarist Terry Balsamo's stroke, and the controversy surrounding the dismissal of their former manager.[22] Although Lee stated on Evboard that Evanescence's new album would be completed in March 2006,[23] the release was pushed to October 3, 2006, allegedly because "Wind-up Records...wanted to make a few changes to the upcoming single "Call Me When You're Sober", which hit modern rock and alternative rock radio on August 7, 2006.[24] The music video for "Call Me When You're Sober" was shot in Los Angeles and is based on the fairy tale Little Red Riding Hood. The Open Door became available for pre-order on the iTunes Music Store on August 15, 2006; the music video for Call Me When You're Sober was also available.
Amy Lee confirmed that she wrote a song for the 2005 film version of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe released by Disney, but it was rejected due to its dark sound. Lee, however, said it was just "more great stuff for the album".[25] Another song which was written for the Narnia movie did make it onto the album, the Mozart-inspired "Lacrymosa".[19]
The tour for the album began on October 5, 2006 in Toronto and included locations in Canada, the U.S. and Europe during 2006. The tour continued on January 5, 2007 and included stops in Canada (alongside band Stone Sour), Japan and Australia (alongside band Shihad) and will return to the US for a second tour (alongside bands Chevelle and Finger Eleven)[26][27]

[edit] Christian controversy
Originally promoted in Christian stores, the band eventually made it clear they did not want to be considered as part of the Christian rock genre. Wind-up Records chairman Alan Meltzer issued a press release in April 2003 asking for the band's music to be removed from Christian retail outlets.[28]
During a 2003 interview with Entertainment Weekly, Ben Moody stated, "We're actually high on the Christian charts, and I'm like, What the f--k are we even doing there?"[29] This seemed to go against earlier sentiments by Moody that "We hope to express in our music that Christianity is not a rigid list of rules to follow..." and also "The message we as a band want to convey more than anything is simple—God is Love."[30] This has led to criticism of the band within the Christian community, even more so given that the band themselves approved of the plan to distribute Fallen to the Christian market.[31] Terry Hemmings, CEO of Christian music distributor Provident, expressed puzzlement at the band's about-face, saying "They clearly understood the album would be sold in these [Christian music] channels."[32] Ex-vocalist and keyboardist David Hodges eventually left the band over the controversy, with other members stating that he had been pulling them in more of a Christian direction than Lee and Moody were comfortable with.
When asked by Billboard in 2006 if Evanescence was a "Christian band," Amy Lee responded, "Can we please skip the Christian thing? I'm so over it. It's the lamest thing. I fought that from the beginning; I never wanted to be associated with it. It was a Ben thing. It's over."[33]

[edit] Band members

[edit] Current
Amy Lee - Vocals, piano, keyboard (co-founder, July 1994 - present)
Terry Balsamo - guitar (November 2003 - present)
John LeCompt - guitar, vocals (2002 - present)
Tim McCord - bass (August 2006 - present)
Rocky Gray - drums (2002 - present)

[edit] Former
William Boyd - Bass, guitar, backing vocals (June 2003 - June 2006)
Ben Moody - guitar, percussion, bass, drums, keyboard (co-founder, July 1994 - October 2003)
David Hodges - keyboard, piano, drums, vocals (1999 - December 2002)

Abida Parveen (Urdu: عابدہ پروین), a Pakistani singer, is one of the foremost exponents of Sufi music. Her forte is the kafi and the ghazal, though she has also ventured into traditional male territory and sung qawwalis. She is known for her particularly stunning voice, as well as her vivid musical imagination. She has attained legendary status in the Indian Sub-Continent, especially within her home province of Sindh, Pakistan.
Abida was born in Larkana (Sindh province, Pakistan) in 1954. She received her musical training initially from her father, Ghulam Haider, and subsequently from Ustad Salamat Ali Khan.
She embarked upon her professional career from Radio Pakistan, Hyderabad, in 1973. Her first hit was the Sindhi song “Tuhinje zulfan jay band kamand widha”. This song had been sung by many other Sindhi singers before her, but Abida brought her own unique style to it, rooted in classical music.
Although she is associated most closely with the verses of the Sufi saint Shah Abdul Latif, she has also sung the verses of other Sufi saints, including Amir Khusrau, Bulleh Shah, Sachal Sarmast, Sultan Bahu, and others such as Kabir and Waris Shah.
In recent years, it has become fashionable to call Abida the true inheritor of the mantle of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, a giant of Sufi music who died in 1997. While such judgements are necessarily subjective, there is certainly much that Abida has in common with Nusrat. Like him, she possesses a truly magnificent voice, is unassuming despite her superstar status, and her music is informed by a deep commitment to the ideals of Sufism. For both, the act of singing is a passionate offering to God, and for both the deepest part of their magic lies in the fact that they are able to bring the listener’s heart to resonate with the music, so deeply that we ourselves become full partners in that offering.
Abida Parveen is regarded as a singer who has compromised neither the form nor content of her classical training while nevertheless retaining a compelling freshness that is endearing to a contemporary and often younger audience. Her singing has been compared to Afro-American Blues and Jazz singers like Nina Simone, Billie Holliday and Mahalia Jackson. While this comparison may have merit, it would be technically inaccurate to compare classically trained devotional singing to Jazz or Blues traditions. Where these two traditions do occasionally meet, however, is in the deep soul-searching, the melancholy that is sometimes expressed in anticipation of the divine release of the soul from its earthly torpidity and bondage. The only western style of singing remotely comparable to Abida's would be certain forms of sacred music, for example the Tallis Scholars. Sacred music, like sacred art, draws its inspiration and technical brilliance from years training at the feet of a musical director, spiritual Guru or Ustad in Urdu. Such training is incomplete without devotional homage to the teacher and an understanding of the ideals of transcendence as well as immanence in artistic expression. This training, under a good Ustad can take the shape of heightened awareness of the healing and spiritual properties of music, much like Nada Siddha, the inner sounds discovered through deep meditation and yoga under a competent Guru. Abida has repeatedly said that her singing has many healing effects on the listener, and in this sense Abida may be compared to the great North Indian musician, Tansen, whose music was said to have created spontaneous and miraculous effects on his listeners.
Abida is perhaps equally renowned as an accomplished Ghazal singer in Urdu and Sindhi, and an exponent of Punjabi, Urdu and Sindhi Sufiana Kalam, which literally translates as the 'Sayings of the Sufis', comprising the poems and aphorisms of the great Sufis of the Indian sub-Continent. Sufiana Kalam is also closely aligned to Sikh Punjabi devotional singing, otherwise known as the "Shabad Kirtan tradition". It is always interesting to witness, in times of heightened communal tensions in the Indian Sub-Continent, Abida's husky but equally delicate voice proclaiming a deeper bond of Universal Love that soars above the boundaries that divide religious and secular denominations. In this sense, her message can be compared to the likes of Kabir and Nanak, both of whom united Hindu and Muslim. The mystical aspect of Abida's musical message contains broad humanitarian appeal.
Abida Parveen has been gifted with perhaps one of the very greatest female voices of recent times for the proclamation of arguably one of the most important messages of our time. Abida has received many prestigious music awards for her singing, and is often invited to music festivals in India and abroad. Widely and professionally regarded as the "Singers' Singer" or the Artists' Artist, it is not surprising that her admirers include some of the very best singers of the sub-continent. Although she is not as well known as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan in the West, Abida regularly tours the USA, Europe and the UK.

[edit] Sample Kafis
Sajjan de hath bahan asaan di (file info) — play in browser (beta)
Kafi of Shah Hussain - 4.61 Mb
Problems listening to the file? See media help.
Andar hoo te bahar hoo (file info) — play in browser (beta)
Kafi of Sultan Bahu - 7.61 Mb
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

[edit] Albums
Aap Ki Abida
Are Logo Tumhara Kiya
Best of Abida Parveen
Baba Bulleh Shah
Arafin Hag Bahu Rematullah
Abida Parveen Sings Songs of the Mystics Vol 1
Arifana Kalam
Chants Soufis Du Pakistan
Faiz by Abida
Ghazal Ka Safar Vol I
Ghazal Ka Safar Vol II
Har Tarannum
Hazrat Sultanul Arafin Hag Bahu Rematullah
Ho Jamalo
Ishq Mastana
Jeewey Sain Yan Jeewey
Kabir by Abida
Kafian Bulleh Shah
Kafiyan Khwaja Ghulam Farid
Kuch Is Ada Se Aaj
Latthe Di Chadar
Mahi Yaar Di Ghadoli
Mere Dil Se
Meri Pasand - Abida Parveen
Raqs-e-Bismil - Dance of the Wounded
Sings Amir Khusrau
Tera Ishq Nachaya
The very best of Abida
Yaadgar Ghazlen Vol 1


Jagjit Singh( Hindi- जगजीत सिंह) (Punjabi- ਜਗਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ)(Urdu- جگجیت سنگھ) (February 8, 1941 - ) is among the foremost singers of ghazals in Hindi/Urdu and Punjabi, a composer and a playback singer in Bollywood. Jag and Jit (Sanskrit words) mean "World" and "Victory" respectively, thus the meaning of the name is One who has won over the world.
1 Family and education
2 Career
2.1 Early years
2.2 Rise of Jagjit Singh
3 Awards
4 Discography
4.1 Sung for films
4.2 Music composed for films
4.3 Ghazal albums
5 External links

[edit] Family and education
Jagjit Singh was born in Ganganagar (also called "SriGanganager"), Rajasthan. His father Sardar Amar Singh Dhiman, employed with the Government of India, hailed from Dalla village in Ropar district of Punjab and his mother Sardarni Bachchan Kaur came from a deeply religious Sikh family of Ottallan village near Samralla. His siblings include four sisters and two brothers and he is fondly called Jeet by his family members. Although his late father wanted him to become a bureaucrat by joining the Indian Administrative Service, he was later reported to be happy with his son's achievements in the world of music. Jagjit went to Khalsa High School at Ganganagar. He studied Sciences during (after matriculation) from Government College, Ganganagar and went for graduation to DAV College, Jalandhar in Arts stream . He also acquired a P.G. Degree in History from Kurukshetra University, Haryana.

[edit] Career

[edit] Early years
His association with music goes back to his childhood. He learnt music under Pandit Chaganlal Sharma for two years in Ganganagar, and later devoted six years to learning Khayal, Thumri and Dhrupad forms of Indian Classical Music from Ustad Jamaal Khan of Sainia Gharana. The Vice Chancellor of Punjab and Kurukshetra University, Late Professor Surajbhan encouraged his interest in music. He arrived in Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1965 in search of better opportunities as a career musician and singer. His early struggle in the music industry, though not too harsh by his own account, still had its share of trials and tribulations. He lived as a paying guest and his earlier assignments were singing advertisement jingles or performing at weddings and parties.

[edit] Rise of Jagjit Singh
During 1970s, in India, the art of ghazal singing was dominated by well-established names like Noor Jehan, Malika Pukhraj, Begum Akhtar,Talat Mahmood and Mehdi Hassan. However, Jagjit was still able to make his mark and carve out a niche for himself. In 1976, his album The Unforgettables (On HMV LP Records) hit the music stores. Essentially a ghazal album, it's emphasis on melody and Jagjit's fresh voice was a departure from the prevalent style of ghazal rendition, which was heavily based on classical and semi-classical Indian music. Skeptics had their own reservations, purists scorned it but it was widely successful among listeners and the album set new sales records.
In 1967 he met Chitra, also a singer, while doing jingles. After a two year long courtship they got married in 1969. They epitomise the first successful husband-wife singing team. Jagjit Singh, with Chitra, has contributed immensely towards changing the course of this genre of music known as 'Ghazal' making it more ear friendly, melodic and enojoyable by a wider audience.
Later successful releases of the duo include Ecstasies, A Sound Affair and Passions.
While the above-mentioned albums were breezy, Beyond Time released in the opening years of nineties was an experimentation with sounds and conveyed a feeling that was beyond space and time. Around this time the duo was struck by grief as their only son, Vivek, who was twenty-one, met an untimely death in a road accident. Not only Jagjit and Chitra, it was a big shock to his numerous fans also. The album is a tour to the soul, ethereal, conscientious and introspective. The ghazals have a moving quality to them since they express the personal loss of Jagjit and Chitra. 'Someone Somewhere' was the last album containing ghazals sung by both. After that, Chitra quit singing.
Jagjit Singh continued singing his later albums, including Hope, In Search, Insight, Mirage, Visions, Kahkashan (meaning "Galaxy"), Love Is Blind, Chirag (meaning "Lamp"/"Flame") also achieved success. Sajda (an Urdu word meaning "offering"), which has ghazals sung by Jagjit and Lata Mangeshkar was another brilliant release and made its mark as a classic Ghazal album. The combined successes of his many albums made him arguably the number one ghazal singer in India. The audience wanted more and Jagjit Singh obliged with his Punjabi albums. Ebullient, effervescent and bubbly, his Punjabi songs are pleasant as well as joyous. Their enchanting ghazals use the choicest poetry by renowned poets including Mirza Ghalib, Ameer Meenai, Kafeel Aazer, Sudarshan Faakir and Nida Fazli…. and contemporary writers like Zaka Siddiqi, Nazir Bakri, Faiz Ratlami and Rajesh Reddy.
Jagjit also sang (as playback singer) for various songs in Bollywood films including Arth, Saath Saath and Premgeet (all from 1980s). The scores remain popular even today. In fact, all the songs of film Premgeet were composed by Jagjit. His compositions for the TV serial Mirza Ghalib (based on the life of the poet Mirza Ghalib), remain extremely popular among ghazal aficionados. The elusive element of Ghalib's poetry was sensitively and wonderfully brought out in the soulful compositions of Ghalib's ghazals by Jagjit Singh. The album could veritably be called a magnum opus.
Compared to his earlier ghazals (sung during 70s and 80s) his later ghazals have acquired a more soulful and poignant demeanour, as in albums such as Marasim, Face To Face, Aaeena, Cry For Cry. But all through this, romance never took a backseat! The journey to the soul is punctuated by romantic pauses like Dil Kahin Hosh Kahin. A testimony to his popularity is his ghazals in recent Bollywood flicks like Dushman, Sarfarosh, Tum Bin and Tarkeeb.
Most of the earlier albums of Jagjit Singh had English titles. Later, these had Urdu names like Sahar (meaning "Dawn"/"Morning"), Muntazir (meaning "In waiting"), Marasim (meaning "Relation"/"Relationship"/"Affinity" ) "Soz" (Pathos) etc.. The switchover may not be deliberate but marks a milestone in his singing. These new albums show a far better selection of lyrics and yes, even the singing has scaled new peaks.
Besides ghazals, Jagjit Singh has also sung Bhajans and Gurbani(Hindu and Sikh devotional hymns respectively) . Albums such as Maa, Hare Krishna, Hey Ram...Hey Ram, Ichhabal and also Man Jeetai Jagjeet in Punjabi, put him in the league of Bhajan singers such as Mukesh, Hari Om Sharan, Yesudas, Anup Jalota and Purushottam Das Jalota. The soothing effect that Jagjit's voice has on frayed nerves has prompted psychiatrists in metros (as large cities in India are called) to prescribe them as stress relievers.
In addition to cultivating his own successful career, Jagjit Singh has been involved in guiding many new, talented singers such as Talat Aziz, Ghanshyam Vaswani, Ashok Khosla, Siza Roy and Vinod Sehgal. He also lends active support to several philanthropic endeavors such as the Library at St. Mary's (Mumbai), Bombay Hospital, CRY, and ALMA (an organization that adopts under-privileged students for further education and development).
Jagjit Singh lives in Cumballa Hills, Mumbai.
Jagjit Singh is also accredited with bringing the ghazal genre, which was previously restricted to the elite classes, to the masses. His music direction can be seen to be pioneering in changing the sound layout by adding more Western instruments while mostly retaining the traditional orchestra (which includes a tabla, and harmonium, and a couple of string instruments)

[edit] Awards
In 2003, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's highest award for performing arts

[edit] Discography

[edit] Sung for films
Umar (2006) (playback Singer: "Khumari Chaddh Ke Utar Gayi")
Baabul (2006) (playback Singer: "Kehta Hai Baabul")
Kasak (2005) lyrics
Veer-Zaara (2004) lyrics
Dhoop (2003) (playback singer: "Benaam Sa Ye Dard", "Har Ek Ghar Mein Diya", "Teri Aankhon Se Hi") lyrics
Joggers' Park (2003) ("Bari Najuk Hai") lyrics
Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai (2003) ("Aisi Aankhen Nahin Dekhi")
Leela (2002) ("Dhuan Uttha Hai", "Jaag Ke Kati", "Jabse Kareeb Ho Ke Chale", "Tere Khayal Ki")
Vadh (2002) ("Bahut Khoobsurat")
Deham (2001) ("Yun To Guzar Raha Hai")
Tum Bin (2001) (Koi Fariyaad)
Tarkieb (2000) (Kiska Chehra ab mai dekhun... Tera chehra dekhkar)
Shaheed Udham Singh (2000) ()
Bhopal Express (1999)
Sarfarosh (1999) ("Hosh Walon Ko")
Dushman (1998) ("Chhitti Na Koi Sandesh")
Khudai (1994) ("Din Aa Gaye Shabab Ke", "Ulfat Ka Jab Kisis Ne Liya Naam", "Ye Sheeshe Ye Rishte")
Mammo (1994) (hazaar baar ruke ham, hazaar baar chale by Gulzar)
Khal Nayak (1993) ("O Maa Tujhe Salaam")
Nargis (1992) ("Dono Ke Dil Hai Majboor Pyar Se", Main Kasie Kahoon Janeman)
Billoo Badshah (1989)
Aakhri Kahani (1989)
Doosra Kanoon (1989) (TV)
Kaanoon Ki Awaaz (1989)
Mirza Ghalib (1988) (TV) Hit Serial Directed by Gulzar
Rahi (1987)
Aashiana (1986) ("Humsafar Ban Ke Hum")
Long Da Lishkara (1986) ("Ishq Hai Loko", "Main Kandyali Thor Ve" and "Sare Pindch Puare Paye")
Phir Aayee Barsat (1985) ("Na Mohabbat Na Dosti Ke Liye")
Ravan (1984) ("Hum to Yun Apni Zindagi Se Mile", "Main Gar Mein Chunariya")
Bahuroopi (1984)
Bhavna (1984) ("Mere Dil Mein Tu Hi Tu Hai")
Kalka (1983)
Tum Laut Aao (1983)
Zulf Ke Saye Saye (1983) ("Nashili Raat Mein")
Arth (1982) ("Jhuki Jhuki Si Nazar", "Koi Yeh Kaise Bataye", "Tere Khushboo Mein Base Khat", "Too Nahin To Zindagi Mein Aur Kya Reha Jayega" and "Tum Itna Jo Muskura Rahe Ho")
Saath Saath (1982) ("Pyar Mujh Se Jo Kya Tumne", "Tum Ko Dekha To Yeh Khayal Aaya", "Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi", "Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi", "Yeh Tera Ghar Yeh Mera Ghar", "Yun Zindagi Ki Raah Mein")
Sitam (1982)
Prem Geet (1981) (Hontho se chhoo lo tum mera geet amar kar do: FIRST HIT FILMY SONG)
Ek Baar Kaho (1980)
Griha Pravesh (1979)
Avishkaar (1973)
Aankhon Aankhon Mein (1972) (associate camera operator)
Heena (TV serial) (1999)
Neem ka pead{"Muunh ki baaten sune har koii"} (TV Serial) (1994)

[edit] Music composed for films
Leela (2002) lyrics
Sarfarosh (1999) lyrics
Khudai (1994) lyrics
Billoo Badshah (1989)
Kaanoon Ki Awaaz (1989)
Mirza Ghalib (1988) (TV Seriel directed by Gulzar) HiT Album lyrics
Rahi (1987)
Long Da Lishkara (1986) lyrics
Ravan (1984) lyrics
Arth (1982) lyrics
Sitam (1982) (as Jagjit-Chitra)
Prem Geet (1981)lyrics

[edit] Ghazal albums
The Unforgettables 1976 lyrics
A Milestone 1980 lyrics
Main aur Meri Tanhaayee 1981 lyrics
The Latest 1982 lyrics
Ecstasies 1984 lyrics
A Sound Affair 1985 lyrics
Echoes 1985-86 lyrics
Beyond Time 1987 lyrics
Mirza Ghalib (Two Volumes) 1988 TV Serial Directed by Gulzar lyrics
Passion / Black Magic 1988 lyrics
Ghazals from Films 1989 lyrics
Man Jite Jagjit 1990 lyrics
Memorable Ghazals of Jagjit and Chitra 1990 lyrics
Someone Somewhere 1990 lyrics
H O P E 1991 lyrics
Sajda (Two Volumes with Lata Ji) 1991 lyrics
Kahkashan (Two Volumes) 1991-92 TV Serial Directed by Jalal Agaa lyrics
Visions (Two Volumes) 1992 lyrics
In Search 1992 lyrics
Rare Gems 1992 lyrics
Face to face 1993 lyrics
Your Choice 1993 lyrics
Chiraag 1993 lyrics
Desires 1994 lyrics
Insight 1994 lyrics
Cry for Cry 1995 lyrics
Mirage 1995 lyrics
Unique 1996 lyrics
Come Alive in a Concert 1998 (CD) lyrics
Live at the Wembley lyrics
Love is Blind 1998 lyrics
Silsilay 1998 (Lyrics by Javed Akhtar) lyrics
Marasim 1999 (Lyrics by Gulzar) lyrics
Saher 2000 lyrics
Samvedna 2002 (Atal Ji's poetry) lyrics
Soz 2002 (Lyrics by Javed Akhtar) lyrics
Forget Me Not 2002 lyrics
Jaam Utha lyrics
Muntazir (2004) lyrics
Tum To Nahin Ho (Lyrics by Bashir Badr) (2005) lyrics
Best of Jagjit & Chitra Singh (includes Mere Darwaaze Se Ab Chand Ko Ruksat Kar do by Ali Sardar Kaffrey)
Koi Baat Chale - jagjit & Gulzar


Avril Lavigne (b. September 27, 1984, in Napanee, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian-born singer.
Although her surname is of French origin, her name is usually pronounced in an anglicised way, somewhat as [ləˈviːn], rather than [laˈviːɲ]. Lavigne, or rather la vigne, which in French means the vine or the vineyard. Her first name, Avril, is French for April, but is also pronounced in an anglicised way as [ˈævrəl], rather than [aˈvʁil] ("A-vreel").
Avril Lavigne is featured in Maxim magazine's Girls of Maxim gallery.[2] In 2006, she was included in Canadian Business Magazine's ranking of the most powerful Canadians in Hollywood, grabbing the seventh position. She has sold over 26 million albums worldwide.
1 Biography
2 Music career
2.1 Let Go (2001-2003)
2.2 Under My Skin (2004-2005)
2.3 Touring and co-writing (2005-2006)
2.4 The Best Damn Thing (2007)
3 Movie career
4 Media image
5 Personal life
6 Backing band
6.1 Current members
6.2 Past members
7 Discography
8 Filmography
9 Awards and nominations
10 Charities
11 See also
12 References
13 External links

Avril Ramona Lavigne was born in the ZooCustoms Ranch of Napanee,[1] Ontario, Canada to a French-born father, John, and a Franco-Ontarian[3] mother, Judy. Both parents are Catholic and she had a Roman Catholic upbringing.[4] Avril's musical talent was first spotted at the age of two when her mother says Avril began singing along with her on church songs.
In 1998, Lavigne won a competition to sing with fellow Canadian singer Shania Twain on her first major concert tour. She appeared alongside Twain at her concert in Ottawa, appearing on stage to sing "What Made You Say That"?
She was discovered by her first professional manager, Cliff Fabri, while singing country covers at a Chapters bookstore in Kingston, Ontario.[1] During a performance with the Lennox Community Theatre, Avril was spotted by local folk singer Steve Medd (a relation of the influential Canadian journalist, Ben Medd), who invited her to sing on his song "Touch The Sky" for his 1999 album Quinte Spirit. She also sang on "Temple Of Life" and "Two Rivers" for his follow up album, My Window To You, in 2000.[1]
At the age of sixteen she was signed by Ken Krongard, the artists-and-repertoire A&R representative of Arista Records, who invited the head of Arista, Antonio "L.A." Reid, to hear her sing in a New York City studio.[1] She then completed work on her first album. Avril is extremely close to her younger sister Michelle Lavigne and her older brother Matthew Lavigne. Michelle is two years younger than Avril while Matt (Matthew) is three years older than Avril. On July 15, 2006, Avril married fellow Canadian singer Deryck Whibley, the lead singer/songwriter of pop-punk band Sum 41.

Music career

Let Go (2001-2003)
Let Go was released on June 4, 2002 in the United States, reaching number two there and number one in Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. This made Lavigne the youngest female soloist to have a number-one album in the UK up until that time.[5] In 2003, 17-year-old English singer Joss Stone broke Avril Lavigne's record.[citation needed]
Just over one month after its release, "Let Go" reached multi-Platinum status in late-August,[6] and was certified 3x Platinum two weeks after.[7] Before the end of 2002, just six months after its debut, it was certified 4x Platinum by the RIAA.[8] It sold a total of 13,197,000 copies worldwide. It was the best selling album of the year for a female artist and for a debut album in 2002.[9]
Four singles from the album were released. "Complicated" went to number one in Australia, while reaching number two on the U.S. Hot 100, and it was also one of the best-selling Canadian singles of 2002. Avril Lavigne tied a record set by Natalie Imbruglia when "Complicated" held the number one spot on the Contemporary Hit Radio chart (which tracks air play on the radio) for 11 weeks in a row. Natalie Imbruglia previously held the record with her song "Torn", which also held onto number one for 11 weeks.[10] "Sk8er Boi" reached the top ten in the U.S. and Australia, "I'm With You" reached the top ten in the U.S and the UK, and "Losing Grip" reached the top ten in Taiwan, and the top twenty in Chile.
Avril Lavigne was named "Best New Artist" at the 2002 MTV Video Music Awards, won four Juno Awards in 2003 (out of six nominations), a World Music Award for World's Best-Selling Canadian Singer, and was nominated for 8 Grammy Awards, including Song of the Year for "Complicated" and Best New Artist.

Under My Skin (2004-2005)
Avril Lavigne's second album Under My Skin was released on May 25, 2004 in the U.S. It debuted at number one in the U.S., the UK, Germany, Japan, Australia, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Spain, Ireland, Thailand, Korea and Hong Kong and sold more than 380,000 copies in the U.S. in its first week.[11] Avril Lavigne wrote most of the album with Canadian singer-songwriter Chantal Kreviazuk, though some tracks were co-written by Ben Moody (formerly of Evanescence), Butch Walker of Marvellous 3, and her former lead guitarist Evan Taubenfeld. Kreviazuk's husband, Our Lady Peace front man Raine Maida, co-produced the album with Butch Walker and Don Gilmore.
Lead single "Don't Tell Me" went to number one in Argentina and Mexico, the top five in the UK and Canada, and the top ten in Australia and Brazil. "My Happy Ending" reached the top ten in the U.S., and was her third-biggest hit there, but third single "Nobody's Home" did not make the top forty. The fourth single from the album, "He Wasn't", reached a fair twenty-three in the UK and twenty-five in Australia, and was not released in the U.S.[12] Fall To Pieces was released as the final single from the album, but did not do as well as previous singles.

Lavigne performing in Geneva on June 9, 2005.
Avril Lavigne won two World Music Awards in 2004 for World's Best Pop/Rock Artist and World's Best-Selling Canadian Artist. She received five Juno Award nominations in 2005, picking up three, including Fan Choice Award, Artist of the Year, and Pop Album of the Year. She also won the award for Favourite Female Singer at the eighteenth Annual Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards.[13] Lavigne co-wrote "Breakaway" with Matthew Gerard, which was recorded by Kelly Clarkson for the soundtrack to the film The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement (2004). "Breakaway" was later included on Clarkson's second album Breakaway, being released as the album's first single. "Breakaway" peaked in the U.S. top ten and provided Clarkson with a substantial hit.
Lavigne went on a "Live and by Surprise" twenty-one-city mall-tour in the U.S. and Canada, starting on March 4, 2004 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to promote "Under My Skin". Each performance consisted of a short live acoustic set of songs from the new album. She was accompanied by her guitarist, Evan Taubenfeld. The venue in each city was not announced until forty-eight hours before the show. The tour was very popular and was successful in promoting the album. The set at Indianapolis on March 25, 2004 at Glendale mall included "He Wasn't", "My Happy Ending", "Don't Tell Me", "Take Me Away", "Nobody's Home", "Sk8er Boi", and "Complicated". Selections of this tour were released on the Avril Lavigne Live Acoustic EP Single, which was released in US Target stores

Touring and co-writing (2005-2006)
Avril was touring throughout most of 2005, and pursuing her acting and modelling careers. Lavigne represented Canada at the closing ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy. She performed her song, "Who Knows", during the eight minutes of the Vancouver 2010 portion.[14] She also was the voice of Heather the possum in the DreamWorks motion picture, Over The Hedge.
Avril Lavigne co-wrote (with Lukasz "Dr. Luke" Gottwald), "Keep Holding On", for the soundtrack to the motion picture Eragon (2006). It has peaked at #17 in Billboard Hot 100.

The Best Damn Thing (2007)
Her third album The Best Damn Thing is currently set for release on April 17, 2007 and is produced by Dr. Luke (Kelly Clarkson, P!nk, Lady Sovereign and Daughtry), her husband Deryck Whibley (Sum 41), Rob Cavallo (Green Day, The Goo Goo Dolls, My Chemical Romance, Jewel), Butch Walker and herself.[15][16] Travis Barker (Box Car Racer, blink-182, +44) has also recorded drums for Lavigne's new album. Avril says that her new album will contain love songs since "That's what I'm feeling at the moment", and that she enjoys being able to write songs with Butch Walker. It is said on the message board on her official website that her new album will contain 15 songs. "Of course, I still have my boy-bashing songs, but they're very playful. So the record is really fun and cool and different and honestly, I think it's my best record yet. I can say that with confidence." Posted on her MySpace blog she revealed that the first single from the album will be "Girlfriend". "Girlfriend" was supposed to be released on January 29 but the date has changed due to "Keep Holding On"'s increasing popularity on the radio. Avril debuted her video for "Girlfriend" on February 26 and her single premiered on Ottawa radio station HOT 89.9 with evening personality Cash Conners February 6, 2006. Evan, her former guitarist made a cameo in her video, confirmed in his Myspace blog.
On February 18, 2007, clips of "Everything Back But You", "I Can Do Better" and "When You're Gone" were released on AOL Music and received a mixed reaction from fans.[citation needed]
"Girlfriend" made its debut on the Billboard Hot 100 chart at an astonishing #5 in early March 2007. This is Avril's highest debut ever on the chart and has already sold over 122,000 downloads through iTunes. "Girlfriend" also debuted at #3 on Billboard's Top Digital Songs which is Avril's second appearance on that chart. "Keep Holding On" being the first.
The song "Girlfriend" is also available in seven other languages, the only difference from the English version being the chorus translated into Spanish, Portuguese, Mandarin, Japanese, Italian, German and French.
Avril Lavigne has been doing a small tour to promote The Best Damn Thing. To go to one of the few shows you had to be a member of her fan club. She kicked off this small tour in Calgary, Alberta, and played for a crowd of around 200. The Calgary show will air on television on April 2nd 2007. On the CBC Network. On this show you will be able to see behind the scenes and Avril preforming songs off The Best Damn Thing. On March 18th 2007, Ms. Lavigne (and her band) showcased some her songs on the UK's most popular radio station Radio 1. She was interviewed about her recent marriage to Deryck Whibley and also about her 3rd studio album, The Best Damn Thing. Soon after she played 3 songs; "Girlfriend", "Sk8er Boi" and an unreleased track from her upcoming album named "I Can Do Better". These songs were played live among around 30 fans and were broadcast all over the UK and also became available to be listened to worldwide. Fans from North America in particular tuned in via Sirius Satellite Radio to hear Avril play live in London.
Avril's comeback single "Girlfriend" was added to the UK iTunes Music Store and shot straight to #10 of of 100 in under 24 hours.
Avril has not confirmed that "I Can Do Better" will be the 2nd single. She has said herself that the 2nd single will be "When You're Gone". The host of Radio 1 asked her if "I Can Do Better" will be the 2nd single, but she continued to talk about other things. On Ryan Seacrest's radio show she said herself that "When Your Gone" will be the 2nd single.

Movie career
Avril Lavigne made her film debut in the animated film Over the Hedge, which is based on the comic strip of same name. She worked alongside William Shatner, Bruce Willis, Garry Shandling, Wanda Sykes, Nick Nolte and Steve Carell. She is also acting in the Richard Gere film The Flock,[17] and her third project is Fast Food Nation, based on her favorite book. Avril wrote and recorded a new song titled "Keep Holding On" with Dr. Luke, for the Eragon movie soundtrack, which will be included on her third album, The Best Damn Thing. The song was released for digital download on November 28, and made its worldwide debut on radio on November 17.[18] It later got the top spot on the Canadien top 20. Also, she made a cameo in the movie National Lampoon: Going the Distance.

Media image
Until 2003, Avril Lavigne travelled with a bag full of about 30 neckties. Some of them she bought, and the rest she took from her father; some were sent to her by fans. Avril Lavigne stopped wearing neckties in 2003, as she was horrified at the media references to her style overshadowing her music, and that she was starting a fashion trend.
The classification of Avril Lavigne's style of music has been debated. All Music Guide and other reviewers consider her to be "teen pop" or "adult/alternative pop-rock". It is questioned whether her music style is punk. The reason for the confusion appears to be for her punk-like appearance early in her career, probably started by her record company in the beginning of her career as the punky alternative to Britney Spears, along with statements made by the songstress herself that she is "as punk as they come". However, there have been several occasions where she has stated "I'm not punk."[19] Avril told Vainquer Magazine in April 2005, that she considered her music to be pop rock.
Avril Lavigne spoke about her new look in a September 2006 interview. She explains, "When I was in high school I was a little f****, hanging out with the guys, getting drunk, getting in fights, playing hockey. My band were all guys, so I was only around guys, but when I got older I started being more of a chick. I broke out on the scene looking like the 17-year-old that I was. And from then to now I look really different—but that's called growing up."[20]
On September 26, 2006, Avril Lavigne was caught spitting on paparazzi photographer's face outside Hyde nightclub in Los Angeles after being caught kissing her husband Deryck Whibley in her car. On September 27, 2006, which happened to be Avril Lavigne's 22nd birthday, Avril Lavigne exited a club with her husband and a few friends only to find herself surrounded by paparazzi and autograph-seekers. She gave her autograph along with some profanity to the seekers. After she got into her car, she leaned out the window and spat on the camera lens of the nearest photographer.[21] Avril Lavigne later issued a public apology for spitting on the photographers, claiming "It's trying at best dealing with their insistent intrusions. I meant no offense to my fans, whose relationship I truly value."[22] No detailed explanation was offered for the incident.

Personal life
It has been revealed that Avril Lavigne is a vegetarian. In the January 2003 issue of Seventeen magazine, she admitted to "snagging a bite of Matt's cheeseburgers every now and again." Also in a recent interview, she said she prefers not to eat meat, but will not say she's a vegetarian "in case anyone caught her eating meat".
As a teenager she would hang out at the La Pizzeria restaurant in Napanee, Ontario. In her Under My Skin Bonez Documentary, she has stated that pizza with olive toppings is her favourite food, although she doesn't eat it too much because pizza is not good for her voice. Since her rise to fame, the restaurant has named a pizza after Avril that contains her favourite toppings and there is a guest book for fans to sign which is picked up by Avril when she visits friends and family in her home town.[23]
Avril Lavigne has a star tattooed on the inside of her left wrist that matches the style of the one used for her first album artwork. It was created at the same time as friend and musical associate Ben Moody's identical tattoo. In late 2004, she had a small pink heart-shaped tattoo featuring the letter 'D' applied to her right wrist — thought to be a reference to husband Deryck Whibley, with whom she has bought a house in Beverly Hills.[24]
Avril Lavigne was romantically linked to her former guitarist Jesse Colburn but despite rumors, she did not have a relationship with another former guitarist Evan Taubenfeld. However, Evan still considers Avril to be his "dearest friend in the whole world" as said on a recent Q&A on his band's official website. In a J-14 magazine from 2004, she talks about her first kiss being when she was 14 years old. In M magazine in 2003, an article was published about an ex-boyfriend selling her love letters on eBay.[25]
In February 2004, she began dating fellow Canadian singer, Deryck Whibley, the lead singer/guitarist of pop punk band Sum 41. On June 27, 2005 (which also happened to be ex-guitarist Evan Taubenfeld's 22nd birthday), Avril Lavigne and Deryck Whibley became engaged. Whibley proposed to Avril Lavigne by surprising her with a trip to Venice, a gondola ride, and then a romantic picnic.
The couple married in a Catholic ceremony that began at 5 p.m. and lasted only 20 minutes[26] on Saturday, July 15, 2006 at a private estate in the California coastal city of Montecito. Avril Lavigne wore a Vera Wang gown, carried pearl white Australian roses and was walked down the aisle by her father. Deryck Whibley wore a Hugo Boss suit and was accompanied by four best men. They were Steve Jocz and Cone McCaslin from Sum 41, Matthew Lavigne (Avril's older brother), and Sum 41's close friend Robb Dipple. Avril's younger sister Michelle Lavigne was one of Avril's bridesmaids. There were about 110 guests in attendance.
The hit song Iris by the Goo Goo Dolls was played as their wedding song. When asked if they were ready for kids they said "not right now but somewhere down the road."[27][28][29]

Backing band

Current members
Al Berry - bass guitar, backing vocals (2007-present)
Rodney Howard - drums, percussion (2007-present)
Stephen Anthony Ferlazzo Jr. - electronic keyboard (2007-present)
Jim McGorman - rhythm guitar (2007-present)
Devin Bronson - lead guitar, backing vocals (2004-present)

Past members
Mark Spicoluk - age 27 - bass guitar, backing vocals (April 2002 - September 2002)
Jesse Colburn - age 25 - rhythm guitar (2002 - October 2003)
Evan Taubenfeld - age 23 - lead guitar, backing vocals (2002 - July 2004)
Craig Wood - age 25 - rhythm guitar, backing vocals (2003 - January 2007)
Matt Brann - age 26 - drums, percussion(2002 - February 2007)
Charlie Moniz - age 26 - bass guitar (2002 - February 2007)